The WCTRS Research Newsletter Editorial team took a brief interview of Mr. Neil Pedersen, Executive Director, and Prof. Susan Shaheen, Executive Committee Chair, of Transportation Research Board (TRB), which is a key partner organisation of WCTRS.
Below is the full interview with Mr. Neil and Prof. Susan.
1. What is TRB's vision on transport research and practice post COVID-19? How can it address the challenges faced post-COVID-19?
The COVID-19 pandemic had a major impact on the movement of passengers and goods when much of the world went into lockdown in Spring 2020. At the peak of the pandemic, usage of modes such as public transit and airplanes dropped by as much as 70 to 90 percent, with other modes experiencing significant, but not as large reductions. At the same time, e-commerce activity doubled in many areas and telecommunications substituted for travel for many types of trips. Instead of commuting to an office five days a week, many white-collar workers worked from home (or teleworked), thus contributing to major travel reductions, especially to central business districts. There was a significant increase in use of active transportation modes, such as walking and bicycling, especially for shorter trips.
As the world has begun emerging from the pandemic in recent months, not all travel is returning to pre-pandemic levels. Use of public transit in particular has not recovered as much as use of private autos. It will be important that researchers both track shifts in trip patterns over time but also understand the underlying reasons for the shifts. Perhaps just as importantly it is key to understand the role of public policy in influencing these shifts. Many of the questions to be addressed include:
2. Kindly brief us about TRB's, portfolio of activities being done, and how they can be beneficial to WCTRS members?
TRB offers a wide range of products and services that WCTRS members will find beneficial. TRB has approximately 8,500 members of its technical committees and research panels who provide expertise on almost any subject related to transportation. TRB’s premier event is the TRB Annual Meeting, which is held every January in Washington DC and attracts 14,000 transportation professionals, who attend several hundred sessions or workshops. TRB has 180 standing technical committees, which cover all modes and almost every discipline related to transportation. WCTRS members are encouraged to sign up to become a Friend of one or more committees at www.mytrb.org. TRB sponsors or co-sponsors approximately 50 conferences per year, puts on over 100 webinars per year, and publishes approximately 600 papers per year in its journal the Transportation Research Record. WCTRS members are encouraged to submit papers for peer review and consideration for publication. TRB also maintains the largest transportation research bibliographic database in the world, with over 1.25 million entries. It can be accessed at Transport Research International Documentation. TRB conducts four large research programs in highways, public transit, airports, and behavioral traffic safety, and it publishes over 100 research reports per year from these programs. TRB also conducts policy studies on behalf of the U.S. federal government, and these reports can be found on TRB’s website. TRB has partnership agreements with a number of international transportation organizations. Its international activities are coordinated through its International Coordination Council. TRB regularly updates the list of issues it is addressing through its Critical issues in Transportation document, which can be found at its publications webpage. TRB is also pleased to partner with WCTRS and several other organizations to sponsor the International Transport Forum (ITF) Pre-Summit Research Days each spring.
3. What do you think could be ways by which the transportation sector in future can contribute to Livability and Quality of Life (QoL), considering that this was the focal theme of TRB-2021 Annual Meeting?
Considerable attention has been paid in the United States to the issue of transportation’s role in livability and quality of life, especially in recent years. The US Department of Transportation (USDOT) issued a “Livability in Transportation Guidebook” that says: “Livability in transportation is about using the quality, location, and type of transportation facilities and services available to help achieve broader community goals such as access to good jobs, affordable housing, quality schools, and safe streets.” The key to how the transportation sector can contribute to quality of life and livability is to envision, plan, design, and operate the transportation system to serve these broader goals. It requires that that transportation professionals work in partnership with communities to increase transportation choices, provide access to opportunity, improve safety for all users of the system, support economic vibrancy, improve public health, and identify ways that transportation can help meet the needs of the community. It also requires that transportation professionals think about how transportation can meet broader societal goals of supporting economic competitiveness, improving air quality, addressing climate change, and creating a more equitable society. It requires rethinking who is involved in planning and decision making to include those who are directly affected by transportation decisions. It requires that decision makers consider all these livability-related factors in making decisions. TRB continues to support efforts through its programs, activities, and research to change the processes and ways of thinking in the transportation profession, so quality of life and livability are the major outcomes that we achieve.
4. A few words on TRB/WCTRS partnership
The Transportation Research Board (TRB) has forged a close working relationship with WCTRS through the International Coordinating Council. Professor Tae Oum now serves as a member of the Council, along with Professor Susan Shaheen. TRB’s International Coordinating Council concentrates on the evolution of an international perspective, practices, and research in all facets and services of all modes of transportation. The Council brings together experts from the TRB technical committees and external organizations to promote within the Technical Activities committee structure important issues affecting the safe and secure movements of goods and people in the United States and around the globe. The Council hosts sessions at the TRB annual meeting in January and joint workshops and sessions throughout the year.
Mr. Neil Pedersen, Executive Director, Transportation Research Board (TRB)
Prof. Susan Shaheen, Executive Committee Chair, Transportation Research Board (TRB)
In this newsletter Topic Area G introduces the SIGs and reports on selected activities of the Special Interest Groups over recent months. Topic Area G comprises the following SIGs:
SIG G1: Governance and Decision-making Processes
SIG G4: Cultural and Social Issues in Transport
Recent SIG Activity:
SIG G1: Governance and Decision-making Processes has run a series of Webinars over the last 3 months, namely:
‘Multi-scalar Deliberative Transport Planning: “Empowerment without Autonomy” and Shifting Transport Institutions in London’, presentation by Rosalie Ray (Columbia University)
‘Roads, Runways and Resistance’ by Dr Steve Melia (UWE Bristol)
‘Cab aggregators in India – a regulatory dilemma’ by Dr Shalini Sinha (CEPT Ahmedebad)
An autumn webinar series on thematic topics is currently being planned.
SIG G2: National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy, has:
SIG G3: Published a Special Issue ‘Urban Transport Planning and Policy in a Changing World’ based on TIS ROMA Conference (WCTR Sessions), in Research on Transportation Business and Management Volume 39, June 2021.
Prof. Stephen Ison and Prof. Maria Attard, Topic Area Managers G, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK and University of Malta (on behalf of all SIGs under TA G)
ADBI-JARTS-IIT Learning Series on High-Speed Rail Session 1: Megaproject Governance and Innovation (3rd June 2021, 17:00 – 18:30 JST)
This ADBI-Japan Railway Technical Service (JARTS)-Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Kanpur and Madras session was the first in a learning series to examine key aspects of high-speed rail construction, operations and management.
The session explored megaproject governance and innovation, with a focus on megaproject experiences in India and the United Kingdom. The information on the session can be accessed at HERE.
ADBI Featured Speaker Webinar: Greg Marsden on COVID-19 Era Travel Behavior and its Policy Implications in the United Kingdom (7th June 2021, 16:00 – 17:00 JST)
This webinar will feature Greg Marsden of the University of Leeds Institute of Transport Studies who will present findings from a longitudinal study of COVID-19 era travel behavior and policy in the United Kingdom. He will describe pandemic-driven macro-travel trends and behaviors in ten areas of England and Scotland. He will also discuss the implications of shifting work patterns for the economics of public transport and public policy. The information on the session can be accessed at HERE.
Bugalia, N., S. Misra, A. Mahalingam, and K. E. Seetha Ram. 2021. Lessons from Global Experiences on High-Speed Rail Implementation. ADBI Policy Note. Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute.
Dr. Nikhil Bugalia, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India
EASTS (Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies) is the largest academic society of transport research in Asia and Pacific, and have the 19-member domestic societies: Australia, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. Most countries in Southeast Asia have their own academic society, in particular, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand have very active societies, respectively.
In Indonesia, FSTPT (Forum Studi Transportasi Antar Perguruan Tinggi; Inter-University Transportation Studies Forum in English) organizes the annual conference from 1998. Transportation Science Society of the Philippines (TSSP) also organizes the annual conference from 1994 and publishes the Philippine Transportation Journal. In Thailand, Asian Transportation Research Society (ATRANS) holds the annual conference since 2008. EASTS provides the opportunity for join research among different societies as the International Research Group (IRG) and many IRG projects include the members from Southeast Asian countries. We expect to have more collaboration activities between WCTRS and EASTS including Southeast Asian countries.
Prof. Shinya Hanaoka, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
We would like to inform you about the very difficult decision we have come to which is to postpone our Montreal World Conference originally scheduled in July 2022 to 17th-24th (M-F) July 2023. Our decision was first and foremost taken with our focus on global academic exchange and the need to ensure, as far as we can, that all of our global scholars will have an equal opportunity to attend.
A ANPET lamenta informar o falecimento do Professor Sênior do Departamento de Engenharia de Transportes da Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo e Coordenador do LPT/EPUSP - Laboratório de Planejamento e Operação de Transportes, Nicolau Dionísio Fares Gualda, no último dia 09.
O Professor Gualda era Engenheiro Naval e PhD em Transportation Engineering pela University of Texas at Austin (1978). Juntamente com o Professor Antônio Galvão N. Novaes aceitou o desafio de deixar o Departamento de Engenharia Naval e Oceânica para integrar o corpo docente do Departamento de Engenharia de Transportes, no início da década de 80, com a missão de modernizar o currículo e a formação dos engenheiros civis. Graças a ambos, o departamento começou a ofertar disciplinas nas áreas de planejamento e operação de transportes, de terminais de transportes e de pesquisa operacional aplicada a transportes.
De forma adicional, o professor Gualda teve participação ativa no planejamento do sistema aeroportuário brasileiro, no planejamento dos aeroportos da Área Terminal São Paulo e no projeto do Aeroporto de Guarulhos.
Também contribuiu para a formação de muitos docentes e especialistas em transportes que hoje atuam em todo o Brasil. No total, foram 40 Dissertações de Mestrado e 19 Teses de Doutorado (18 na EPUSP e 1 no ITA) orientadas por ele.
O seu comprometimento e dedicação à ciência ficarão para sempre na memória de seus alunos, colegas e amigos.
The WCTRS Research Newsletter Editorial team took a brief interview of Secretary - General Mr. Young Tae Kim, of International Transport Forum (ITF), which is a key partner organisation of WCTRS.
Below is the full interview with Mr. Young.
How do you value ITF association with WCTRS? With the experience so far, in what way the association is useful?
I value our association with WCTRS very highly. Two ITF staff members play roles in WCTRS committees, and I strongly support that. The WCTRS is an important bridge to the academic community in many parts of the world. The WCTRS provides access to a deep pool of researchers and to the younger generation, not least through its triennial conferences. The Society is also a valuable partner in organising the annual Research Day we hold in conjunction with the ITF Summit. You help us to engage with a much broader range of transport researchers than we could ever reach alone. And your efforts to engage countries across the globe mirror our own efforts to be truly global.
What is your vision on transport research and practice post COVID-19? How can it address the challenges faced post-COVID-19?
The Covid-19 pandemic crisis has created serious problems for our sector. These will have to be resolved proactively once restrictions on social and economic activities are lifted. Not the least among these problems are the economic losses accrued by transport companies. If these are left on the accounts of operators, they will not be able to invest. In public transport, for example, this risk is launching a vicious circle of declining investment, declining quality of service and declining ridership. Such a development would be wholly incompatible with policies to protect the climate and create more liveable cities. Research amply illustrates the dangers of allowing debt to accumulate in the accounts of operators, and these findings need to be marshalled to forestall the same mistake on a massive scale in the wake of the pandemic.
Kindly brief us about ITF, portfolio of activities being done, and how they can be beneficial to WCTRS members?
The ITF is the only global intergovernmental organisation with a mandate for all modes of transport. We work primarily with, and for, our 62 member countries, but we aim to be of value to all stakeholders in the transport sector. Like the WCTRS, we work to make the best research more visible and accessible to decision makers in our governments, and thus to increase its relevance and impact. We have a portfolio of projects mostly in five priority areas: connectivity; decarbonisation, digitalisation; universal access; and safety, security, and health. The work is undertaken as part of our core programme of work for member countries on the one hand, and in case-specific projects with various partners such as individual governments, international organisations. Multilateral development banks, or member companies of the ITF Corporate Partnership Boards. We regularly work with WCTRS members in these projects. We hope that beyond these targeted collaborations our research is a valuable resource for all members of the WCTRS. We regularly solicit the Society’s membership for contributing research papers for our annual Pre-Summit Research Day. The ITF can also help convey research findings from WCTRS members to policy insights.
What do you think could be ways by which transportation sector can contribute more and better towards achievement of UN SDGs?
There is not one SDG specifically focused on transport, despite the importance of the transport sector as a contributor to and means of sustainable development. Transport can in fact be connected to more than half of the SDGs, including SDG 2 Zero Hunger; SDG 3 Good Health and Well-Being; SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy; SDG 9 Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure; SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities; SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production, SDG 13 Climate Action, and SDG 14 Life Below Water. In addition, the transport sector will contribute to SDG 5 Gender Equality and SDG 10 Reduced Inequalities, through the improvement of transport accessibility and connectivity.
Mr. Young Tae Kim, Secretary-General, International Transport Forum (ITF)
We are deeply saddened to announce the loss of Professor Dinesh Mohan of the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. Professor Mohan was involved with the WCTRS for many years, serving on both the Scientific and Steering Committees, and providing invaluable help to the then President Yoshi Hayashi to initiate Organisational membership to the Society. Professor Hayashi remembers
that his exception writing skills and warmth of spirit made drafting the relevant documents and launching the initiative to be a smooth and easy process.
Professor Mohan’s work in Traffic Safety and Injury Prevention was unparalleled. He was invited to join the International Association of Traffic Safety Sciences and was the director of the Independent Council for Road Safety International. During his distinguished career he was the recipient of many honours and awards, including the 1991 International Association for Accident & Traffic Medicine’s International Award and Medal for Outstanding Achievement in the Field of Traffic Medicine. Professor Mohan also worked to develop the WCTRS’s research into traffic safety and initiated the WCTRS Special Interest Group in Traffic Safety Analysis and Policy (SIG C4) with Professor Geetam Tiwari. He brought good humour, humanity, and a beautiful style of writing to all of his work, and he will be sorely missed as a scholar, colleague and friend.
Professor Tae Oum, President of the WCTRS
Professor Yoshi Hayashi, Immediate Past-President of the WCTRS
Professor Greg Marsden, Secretary General of the WCTRS, and Ms. Emma Pickering, Secretary of the WCTRS
In this newsletter TA B chooses to report activities in SIG B1 and B4 more extensively. Recent activities of SIG B3 were reported in the April 2021 newsletter and SIG B5 reports that it launched an expression of interest for a new book but failed to get sufficient number of potential contributions among the SIG members.
SIG B1 Logistics and Freight Transport Operations
Aseem Kinra (SIG B1) and Füsun Ulengin (SIG E1) have jointly edited a forthcoming special issue in Transport Policy on Transportation and Logistics Systems Performance Assessment.
The SIG also works on organising a workshop on transport research specialised on supply chains at University of International Business and Economics in Beijing in August 2021. It will combine offline sessions are for local Chinese scholars and online sessions for overseas scholars. SIG B1 is also active organising a doctoral workshop and a conference specialised within Logistics, to be held in Bremen in February 2022. Furthermore, SIG B1 is deeply involved in the WCTRS Chartered SCM (Supply Chain Management) Education-License program with Aseem Kinra and Kun Wang as steering committee members.
SIG B4 Urban Goods Movement
SIG B4 was established following the 1992 WCTRS Conference held in Lyon. Since then, papers from the SIG have been presented at all the WCTRS conferences and at many intervening events. SIG activities at the WCTR in Mumbai in May 2019 highlight the scope of the SIG and presentations covered a wide range of research approaches including case studies, modelling, behavioral analysis and scenario development. The COVID-19 pandemic has prevented SIG B4 members to meet at events during almost all of 2020 and the first half of 2021.
However, members of WCTRS SIG B4 played an active part in an online event held in Gothenburg in March 2021. Many of those who attended the WCTRS Conference in Mumbai took part in the event and it provided an excellent example of the way that this research community is growing adding new researchers from a wide range of countries. In total 315 researchers from over 30 countries took part in the three-day event with sessions organized to allow for the major time differences. In total over 80 papers were presented including the following topics:
Presentations were recorded and are currently being edited to make them more widely available. For more details see: https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/lead/urbanfreightplatform/vref-2021/Pages/default.aspx
Prof. Johan Woxenius and Prof. Michael Browne, Topic Area Manager B, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
(on behalf of all SIGs under TA B)
From 5 to 7 May 2021, SIG A2 hosted the very successful fifth edition of the three-annual conference of the SIGA2 Maritime and Ports, fully online, supported by the team of the Department of Transport and Regional Economics at the University of Antwerp. 120 papers were presented, sessions were attended by 340 participants in total, and very interesting discussions were engaged in, among others during the 12 sector round tables on 6 May.
The audience was composed of academics, sector representatives, policy makers and students from around the world. Networking opportunities were stimulated on a dedicated platform.
Out of the conference contributions, four journal special issues will be prepared during the coming months, with following journals: Frontiers in Future Transportation, Sustainability, Case Studies on Transport Policy, and Competition and Regulation in Network Industries.
Prof. Thierry Vanelslander, University of Antwerp
With 1.2 billion inhabitants and an ailing transport system, the African continent is in dire needs of transport solutions that promote smooth and sustainable connections for both persons and goods across this vast continent. The often-unique African problems require that this move towards a more safe and secure, affordable, accessible, efficient, resilient, and environmentally friendly transport system is done in close collaboration between local and international experts.
As a continent with both low-and middle-income countries, most research, thus far, has focused on transport economics, followed by road safety related research, as the continent carries the largest burden worldwide. Most of the research is conducted by Southern African researchers, followed by global researchers assessing African challenges. The aim of the African countries and regional representatives (CAR) is to improve and nourish the relationship of African researchers (and not only those in Southern Africa) with the global network of researchers and with each other.
We encourage any interested party to contact us and Link up with the WCTR Africa CAR.
Prof. Marianne Vanderschuren, University of Cape Town, South Africa
This email bulletin from the WCTRS contains the following items. Please click on an item to scroll to the details.
CODATU (Cooperation for urban mobility in the developing world) have just announced that they will be awarding the Prize for the best PhD Thesis on Urban Mobility in Cities of Developing Countries as part of the CODATU XVIII Conference, which will take place from 13th-16th September 2021 in Dakar. There is therefore a very short timeline for submissions, and they encourage all applicable young PhD holders and PhD students to apply as soon as possible. One prize will be awarded for the best thesis written in English, and one for the best thesis written in French.
The 7th International Conference on Integrated Land Use Transport Modeling Conference will be held on the 18th-19th June 2021 at the Center for Academic Exchanges, North Campus Teaching Area, Beilin Campus, Chang’an University in the City of Xi’an, China.The theme of the conference is “Supporting Spatial Planning and Integrated Planning: What and How”, and it aims to share the academic achievements and practical experiences of domestic and foreign elites in integrated planning, spatial planning and ILUTMs, discussing the support for regional/urban spatial and integrated planning through ILUTMs, the influence of ILUTMs on policy, transport, economic, land use, integrated planning and environment, in order to improve urban and regional transportation planning/assessment process and promote the exchange of research results and technical experiences in this particular area.
When: 18th-19th June 2021
Deadlines: Presentation abstracts of up to 200 words should be submitted online at this link by 11th June 2021. Participants should also register for the conference at this link before the start of the conference.
What: The International Conference on Dynamics in Logistics (LDIC 2022) in Collaboration with SIG B1: Call for Papers
The 8th International Conference on Dynamics in Logistics (LDIC 2022) will be held in Bremen (Germany) from February 23 - 25, 2022 and will be accompanied by satellite events such as a PhD workshop.
Dynamics of logistics processes and networks are at the heart of the forthcoming conference. We invite empirical, theoretical, methodological, and practice-oriented contributions addressing the modeling, planning, optimization and control of processes in supply chains, logistic networks, production systems, and material flow systems and facilities. LDIC 2022 provides a forum for the discussion of advances in that matter. We encourage WCTRS researchers, especially those with an interest in Logistics and Supply Chain Management topics, and especially those connected to the SIG B and B1 interest groups, to present their best work at the conference and related events.
When: February 23 - 25, 2022
Deadlines: Deadline for abstracts (for presentations only) with up to 250 words: October 1, 2021; Notification of acceptance: November 1, 2021.
Deadline for full papers with up to 10 pages: September 1, 2021; Notification of review results: November 1, 2021; Submission of revised, camera-ready full paper: December 1, 2021; Publication of conference proceedings: May 2022.
The submission system – including author instructions and Springer’s template – will open in June 2021 on the conference website.
This email bulletin from the WCTRS contains information about the Call for Papers for the 8th International Conference on “Transportation Systems Engineering and Management” (CTSEM 2021). Papers should be submitted online through EasyChair by Monday 7th June 2021, following the author guidelines available at this link. Further information can be found at the CTSEM 2021 website.
What: 8th International Conference on “Transportation Systems Engineering and Management” (CTSEM 2021). Online 26th-27th August 2021
The 8th Online International Conference on Transportation Systems Engineering and Management (CTSEM 2021) aims to bring together researchers, academicians and engineers in different areas of Transportation Engineering and Management.
The objectives of the CTSEM are to provide an opportunity for students, research scholars, academics, scientists and practising professionals to present their research works, exchange ideas, learn about advancements and applications in their respective fields and thus arrive at future directions for research.
The Call for Papers for this conference is now open. All papers should be in English, and all accepted papers will be published in Scopus indexed conference proceedings and reputed journals.
When: The conference will take place online on Thursday 26th-Friday 27th August 2021. The deadline for papers is Monday 7th June 2021. Papers should to be submitted online through EasyChair using the Paper Template.
Further information: The full details of the conference and call for papers, including a list of topics, can be downloaded from this link (PDF file). Further details can also be found at the CTSEM 2021 website.